The high dependence of the hottest pulp on foreign

2022-07-30
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According to the statistics of the customs, the import of 246000 tons of pulp at Tianjin port this month, worth 250million US dollars, decreased by 13% and increased by 12.8% respectively over the same period last year (the same below). The average import price was US $1007 per ton, up 29.7%

I. main characteristics of Tianjin Port pulp import in January this year

(I) it is mainly imported in the form of general trade. In January this year, Tianjin Port imported 221000 tons of pulp in the form of general trade, a decrease of 13.9%, accounting for 89.8% of the total pulp import of Tianjin port in the same period

(II) mainly imported by state-owned enterprises. In June this year, the state-owned enterprises at Tianjin Port imported 152000 tons of pulp, a decrease of 15.5%, accounting for 61.8% of the total pulp imports at Tianjin port in the same period

(III) mainly imported from the United States, Canada and ASEAN. In January this year, Tianjin Port imported 85000 tons of pulp from the United States, a decrease of 6.6%; 42000 tons imported from Canada, a decrease of 30.7%; Imports from ASEAN amounted to 29000 tons, a decrease of 1.7%. The three accounts for 63.4% of the total pulp imports at Tianjin port in the same period

II. The main reasons for the decrease in the import volume of pulp at Tianjin port in January this year

(I) the decrease in the international pulp supply and the rise in the international pulp price have reduced the import of pulp at Tianjin port. Since the beginning of this year, the climate in various regions of the world has been abnormal. On April 29, the southern region of the United States was hit by a severe tornado, causing a shortage of wood supply in North America; The continuous heavy snow in Europe and the United States and heavy rain in Australia have led to difficulties in the supply of pulp and a decline in the operating rate of pulp mills. In addition, the continuous rise in international oil prices, raw materials and other costs and the impact of exchange rate factors have contributed to the continuous rise in the price of pulp. This year, the EU proposed to modify the sulfur content standard of marine fuel. The head of the European paper Federation said that this would increase the transportation cost of the paper industry by 20-45%. The relatively high price of pulp makes more domestic producers turn their attention to the finished paper with low price to replace the raw pulp. Compared with the import of pulp, although it is affected by the price, the finished paper products are exempted from the domestic production and processing procedures, resulting in a relative decline in the import volume of pulp

(II) the state has intensified the elimination of backward production capacity, and the weakening domestic demand for pulp has restrained the import of pulp at Tianjin port. On July 11, the Ministry of industry and information technology announced the list of enterprises with backward production capacity, backward production lines (equipment) and production capacity to be eliminated in 18 industrial industries nationwide in 2011. Among them, 8.196 million tons of paper industry were eliminated, involving 599 enterprises. The final results released by the Ministry of industry and information technology increased by 750000 tons, or 10%, compared with the last time. In addition, domestic inflation has increased the proportion of residents' consumption of food, while living expenses such as durable goods have decreased slightly; In addition, a small number of originally exported products returned to the domestic market due to the shrinkage of the European and American markets, which depressed the domestic product prices, reduced the industry profit margin, slowed down the performance growth of papermaking enterprises, weakened the demand for pulp, and restrained the import of pulp at Tianjin port to a certain extent

(III) China has taken temporary anti-dumping measures against some imported paper products to restrain the import of pulp at Tianjin port to a certain extent. On august10,2011, the Ministry of Commerce announced that it had decided to take temporary anti-dumping measures against imported photographic paper products originating in the European Union, the United States and Japan. According to the announcement, after investigation by the Ministry of Commerce, during the investigation period of this case, imported photographic paper products originating in the European Union, the United States and Japan were dumped and caused material damage to China's domestic industry, and there was a causal relationship between dumping and material damage. Therefore, the Ministry of Commerce, in accordance with the relevant provisions of the anti dumping regulations of the people's Republic of China on cooperation between scientists from the research laboratories of the Chinese and US air forces, has decided to apply provisional anti-dumping measures to the above-mentioned products in the form of deposits. From August 10, 2011, when importing the above-mentioned products, import operators shall provide corresponding margin to China's customs according to the dumping margin of each company determined in the preliminary determination, with margin ratio ranging from 17.6% to 28.8%. The announcement and implementation of the above anti-dumping measures have played a certain role in restraining the import of pulp at Tianjin port

III. noteworthy issues

(I) the high degree of external dependence of pulp tends to make China's paper industry controlled by others. China is a Shaolin country, and the utilization rate of domestic waste paper is not high. Therefore, China has become the largest pulp importer in the world, and the paper industry has also become the third largest foreign exchange industry in China. The trend of the paper industry is closely related to economic development. With the further improvement of China's economy, the domestic demand for paper products will continue to increase in the future, and the paper production will still expand. However, at present, the high external dependence of China's pulp industry has greatly reduced the number of independent waste plastic recycling plants, which is not conducive to the long-term development of the paper industry and its related industries. Under the global shortage of forest resources, countries have taken measures to restrict the export of wood pulp. With the transfer of international paper industry to China, China's wood pulp import demand continues to expand. In the case of large quantity and high price of imported wood pulp, the paper industry relies heavily on imported raw materials, which is not conducive to the healthy development of the paper industry

(II) China's paper industry has a high resource consumption, so it is urgent to improve resource utilization efficiency and vigorously develop green circular economy. The paper industry has a long industrial chain and a wide range of connections, involving water resources, energy, land resources and many other aspects. However, most of China's pulp and paper enterprises are small-scale, relatively few large-scale enterprises and low economies of scale, which limit the improvement of the industry's technical level, product grade and the effective prevention and control of pollution. In terms of comprehensive energy consumption and water consumption per ton of pulp and paper, the international advanced level is 0.5% of comprehensive energy consumption per ton of pulp and paper 2 tons of standard coal and tons of comprehensive water intake. Except that a few enterprises and some production lines in China have reached the international advanced level, the average comprehensive energy consumption of most enterprises per ton of pulp and paper is about 1.4 tons of standard coal and about 103 tons of water, which is far behind the world advanced level. It is urgent to improve the efficiency of resource utilization. In addition, according to the calculation of China Paper Association, the current use of wood pulp accounts for 23% of the total raw materials, non wood pulp accounts for 15% and waste pulp accounts for 62%[1]. Waste paper has become an important dependent resource for the development of China's paper industry. The characteristics of circular economy for the sustainable development of China's paper industry are becoming more and more obvious. Analyzing the current situation of raw materials and studying ways to increase the supply of raw materials are important topics to be confirmed during the 12th Five Year Plan period

IV. relevant suggestions

first, continue to implement the forest paper integration policy, encourage domestic waste paper recycling, and solve the pollution problem of non wood fiber pulping through scientific and technological means, so as to increase the use; Second, accelerate the elimination of backward production capacity, promote the transformation and upgrading of the paper industry, strive to develop into an industry model with low energy consumption and low pollution, and regulate the paper output according to the market demand to maintain the balance between supply and demand; Third, encourage enterprises to adopt the agreed long-term cooperative price and purchase foreign forest farm pulp mills to improve the raw material support capacity

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