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2022-08-01
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Professor Ruth Waugh talks about industry 4.0 and the future of manufacturing

Professor Ruth Waugh, member of the Management Committee of Siemens AG and CEO of the industrial field, participated in the preparation of the book industry 4.0 (the Chinese version of the book was published by the mechanical industry press and was launched at the XIMENZI Industrial Forum on the 10th of this month). The following is an excerpt of Professor Ruth Waugh's speech at the Siemens Industrial Forum, He shared with you the future of manufacturing and the vision of industry 4.0

ladies and gentlemen, I am a production engineer. I am glad to see that the manufacturing industry around the world has risen again. In terms of a country's sustained innovation, sustainable economic development, and job creation and prosperity, the role of industry has once again been highly valued. A very important element in China's 12th Five Year Plan is the transformation and upgrading of industry and the integration of industrialization and industrialization. It also includes cutting-edge innovations in new energy, environmental protection, new materials, hybrid vehicles and high-end manufacturing. The Chinese government has also made environmental protection a top priority and is vigorously supporting the deployment and promotion of energy-saving and environmentally friendly manufacturing. With the upgrading of China's industrial policy, China is also more committed to the integration of industrialization and informatization, just as director Feng just introduced. Other countries are also strengthening their industries. Take the United States as an example. The United States is investing heavily in their industrial production efficiency and quality to ensure social and economic prosperity. They call this the revival of American manufacturing. In addition, on the map, there is a very small country called Germany. The German government is vigorously promoting the digitalization of manufacturing and industry, and the German led University of technology and technology is also jointly promoting industry 4.0. I will introduce the technical details of industry 4.0 later

policies around the world show that governments once again recognize that manufacturing is the pillar of national economies, promoting employment, innovation and social prosperity. So companies like Siemens are facing fundamental challenges, and we are doing the same. In the past, the structure of the industry was very clear. Companies could reduce costs through economies of scale and promote productivity in every production process. But this era has gone forever. With the further acceleration of globalization, resources become more scarce, and the international value chain is constantly being spawned. And the competition has also intensified. Now we see that on the one hand, the challenges are increasing, on the other hand, the opportunities are also increasing, because the technology has made great progress

today, we should not only emphasize the productivity of employees, but also make the whole enterprise more efficient in resources and energy. Today, we should not only improve the production speed, but also shorten the time for the product to appear on the market. When a new idea of a product comes into being and consumers can use the product, the time should be shortened continuously, although the product itself is becoming more and more complex and there are more and more versions of the product. Today, we want to meet the more complex needs of customers. Now customers can configure and customize products, and can complete one-stop delivery with one click. This makes the manufacturing industry face unprecedented rapid changes. In this new world, the past methods or secrets can no longer bring lasting competitive advantage. According to the major analysis institutions such as arc, McKinsey and so on, this trend has been pointed out. We can see one thing in common here: networked production and digital manufacturing are becoming the key to success or failure, both for discrete industry and process industry. If we do not use these powerful technologies, we will not be able to meet the needs of the industry, which also means that it and software are more and more deeply involved in the industry and integrated with a variety of industrial technologies

(some manufacturing implementation cases are listed) all these examples hope to help you understand what is possible today? What step have we taken on our journey towards the future? What are the future possibilities? How can enterprises enter such a future? Here we will talk about the future oriented vision of the upcoming industry 4.0

Mr. Rutherford attended the launch ceremony of the Chinese version of industry 4.0.

at this year's Hannover exhibition, Siemens made a special demonstration to introduce that the production system can automatically adjust the target function changes in industry 4.0. Because your target function is variable during production. For example, if a new model is to be launched before Christmas, there will be a very high demand for production. Then half a year later, this product will withdraw from the market. The most important thing is not to shorten the time to market, but to reduce production costs. That is, the target functions are different at different stages. The requirements before the launch of a new product are different from when a product is close to delisting. You can see that products and machines can interact and communicate with each other, and the flexibility of the production process can be realized. The goal is to achieve the overall improvement of production efficiency. Here is not only the concept of IOT, or the concept of interconnection. The future language will no longer talk about IOT, but about the content in the production process. This is the difference between our concept based on IOT and that of the United States. Only when the calculated vertical downward Leeb hardness tester is a real industrial revolution, our concept focuses on the production content. These machines interact with each other and communicate with each other. Instead of just having the ability to communicate, each step of production is an information stage. Finally, networked production equipment is brought, which can exchange information in real time. And the network can be integrated and connected in different production lines, different factories, or even transnational

for many experts, industry 4.0 should represent the fourth industrial revolution. There was the industrial revolution of the 19th century, then mass production, then it and automation, which began in the 1960s. Like big data, cloud computing and IOT, these technologies will be used in the fourth industrial revolution, but the scope of the fourth industrial revolution goes beyond these technologies themselves. Finally, we will see that the next generation of the next generation will have more significant progress, and may further promote the promotion of industry 4.0 in the next 10 to 20 years

according to Siemens, industry 4.0 has three pillars. First, MES will play a more important role. The connection between automation layer and MES will become more important and seamless, and flexible production will be realized across enterprises. All information should be available in real time for the production networking link

the second part is the combination of virtual and reality, that is, the integration of digital world and real world in product design and engineering, which enables us to meet the challenges brought by higher and higher production efficiency, shorter product cycle and more and more product deformation

the third pillar is the CPS information physical fusion system. What equipment can be put into a virtual information space and in the physical world, so it is called information physical fusion system. These production systems can embody both the physical factory system and the simulation in the digital world. Finally, the production process can be completely controllable and adjustable, and it will take some time to achieve such a state

there are a series of prerequisites for realizing industry 4.0. If you want to know more about our company, please pay attention to our company's more articles. There are many prerequisites. Let's take a look at the current situation called industry 3 What is the gap between X and industry 4.0. Not all these steps have been done. Moreover, the process towards industry 4.0 is full of dynamics. The closer we get to industry 4.0, the more likely we are. Through a lot of cooperation, manufacturers and customers are getting to know each other, which can further tap the potential towards industry 4.0. At the same time, people have made great efforts to realize the optimization of more flexible production. In order to further integrate the local control network into the cross factory network, we are also further promoting the construction of the entire standardized instruction system. Data presentation and production can be obtained, and fully integrated simulation can be realized, which can represent the whole production process, including technical aspects and all aspects. In terms of tools, there is no way to present the traditional technology, but when we talk about new materials or new biotechnology materials, the simulation of these materials is a very important part of our whole simulation concept. Of course, we still have a long way to go in this regard, but we can ensure that the digital world and digital simulation can expect very accurate responses in the real world

in fact, we can have the opportunity to realize these good ideas in industry 4.0. We can realize a flexible value chain based on a powerful manufacturing operation management system. It can also realize the complete management of product production cycle. At the same time, these management are realized at the company level and at a deeper level. All these will produce cross enterprise system implementation in the whole enterprise. Moreover, we can integrate the whole intelligent enterprise and MES system. In the production process, it is necessary to achieve a very low inventory. As a traditional way, someone will pick up and ask the supplier to replenish the goods when they see that the inventory is low. But the more advanced process is that your MES system will continuously track the inventory. Once the inventory reaches a certain limit, it will send electronic information from your ERP system to the supplier without any human intervention. A supplier is an entity supplier. You can have very good supplier conditions with him, but you can achieve all management through EDI, that is, electronic data interchange. Our industry 4.0 can help to achieve this. It can help you to realize mutual communication without human intervention

there is a digital presentation of products, so it is not only limited to commodities, but also the very complex parts of commodities can be digitized. The ERP system and suppliers can calculate all the costs, determine the maximum supply quantity or the optimal price according to the existing machine operation, all of which do not require human participation and intervention. At this time, your ERP system can make decision-making suggestions, so that you can realize the best communication with suppliers of class 1 high molecular materials mainly used in the high-tech field. In the era of industry 4.0, the decision was actually made by the management, but there was one difference. For example, in my small town, sometimes I knew there would be a parking space somewhere, but sometimes there was no parking space after I went there. Sometimes I had to give corresponding tips. Sometimes my GPS navigation system can't give me very accurate tips. But if my GPS system can help me make more accurate

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