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Professor yangshenqing talks about the informatization of the tobacco industry the informatization construction of the management of Chuxiong cigarette factory began in 1992. At the beginning, the advanced MRP was introduced. According to the prediction of researchandmarkets, a well-known Market Research Institution - Ⅱ production management concept was introduced. According to the characteristics of cigarette production technology and production management, Professor Yang designed the MIS of Chuxiong cigarette factory. With the mpr- Ⅱ management mode as the core, it integrates the finance, planning, production and sales of the whole enterprise to meet the requirements of production and operation management. On the basis of the overall planning, Professor Yang chose the BPCS software of SSA company. The total investment of the project is 12million yuan, which is the largest mpr- II project implemented by IBM and SSA company in Asia in 1993

the project was accepted in July, 1995. By importing mrp- Ⅱ, Chuxiong cigarette factory has formed an integrated management information system integrating production planning, workshop scheduling, inventory management, financial management, procurement and sales management. After nearly two years of implementation and application, the logistics management of the whole enterprise has realized the computer management from the allocation and management of tobacco leaves, the procurement of auxiliary materials and ingredients, the organization of production and management to the warehousing and sales of finished products, and the consistency and standardization of production, supply and sales data information from bottom to top, as well as the data sharing among business departments, providing accurate, timely and reliable information resources for production and operation decisions. Moreover, in the informatization of Chuxiong cigarette factory 10 years ago, the idea of ERP today has been reflected. The information system has included some supply chain modules such as distribution, multi factory logistics, etc

when it comes to the informatization of Chuxiong cigarette factory, Professor Yang believes that Chuxiong cigarette factory is not only equipped with an IT system, but also has changed the old production concept of the enterprise and fundamentally solved the problems that have plagued the manufacturing enterprises for many years

Professor Yang said that there are several decisive factors for the success of an information project. The first is the demand for informatization. The director of Chuxiong tobacco factory once visited the American cigarette factory. The Americans do not allow them to have direct contact with the workers in the tobacco factory, for fear that the Chinese will learn the secret of production. However, after reading the information center of the American cigarette factory, the leader still felt that Chuxiong cigarette factory must also establish a management information system. Secondly, the leaders attach importance to it. In the process of implementing informatization, the importance of the leading group of the tobacco factory can be said to be determined to "stab the bottom with one stick". Without knowledge, training; If it is inconsistent with the advanced management mode, it shall be changed; Those who do not understand informatization or resist the project shall be replaced. Finally, support, participation and cooperation of enterprise employees. At that time, there were a group of young people in Chuxiong tobacco factory who were very active and eager to learn new knowledge and advanced IT technology. Now this group of young people have become the backbone of the tobacco factory

tobacco industry: informatization is on the way

Professor Yang said a German sentence - ü berleben, which means "can I live?". Why does Germany have first-class engineers and production processes that are praised by the world? It is not only because of the rigorous and scientific work style and meticulous work attitude of German enterprises, but also because German enterprises always have a sense of crisis. They always ask themselves, "ü berleben?" The subtext is: can our own enterprises survive the tide of the world's science, technology, economy and industry renovation? Can we win

similarly, China's tobacco enterprises should often ask themselves: can I survive? It's not that the tobacco factory really can't live, but that the pursuit of advanced production tools and concepts should always be put in the first place in the thinking of enterprise leaders

in the late 1980s, China began to use modern production equipment to produce cigarettes. According to Professor Yang, the manufacturing process of cigarettes is as follows: after the tobacco is purchased, the first process is threshing and redrying (that is, fermenting and alcoholizing into processable tobacco), then silk making (that is, breaking the tobacco into cut tobacco), then cigarettes (rolling up the cut tobacco with cigarette paper), then nozzle rods (that is, adding filters to the paper cigarettes), and finally packaging into boxes (20 cigarettes into a box), so that a box of finished cigarettes will be released from the cage. The three processes of "winding, splicing and packaging" have been completed in one workshop and have been highly automated. The latest machines can produce 14000 cigarettes a minute. The production process is very spectacular. Cigarettes come out of the production line like bullets from high-speed machine guns

production has been highly modernized, and the modernization of management has been put on the agenda. In recent years, many cigarette factory leaders have begun to consider how to scientifically lead production, how to reduce the scrap rate of cigarettes, and so on

reviewing the tobacco industry in China in the 1990s, several enterprises have introduced mrp- Ⅱ, such as Changsha, Kunming, Changde, etc. The informatization of these cigarette manufacturing enterprises has accumulated a lot of valuable experience for today. Therefore, we must sum up these experiences, combine modern IT technology and management concepts, so that more cigarette factories can have a higher starting point for informatization, avoid detours, and achieve universal success

generally speaking, tobacco production enterprises should have more common problems and fewer individual problems. There are more than 100 cigarette factories in China, and the informatization of the tobacco industry has a very promising future. Among them, sufficient funds for the tobacco industry is an important advantage. In addition, due to the simple structure of tobacco manufacturing bill of materials (BOM), there are only 4 to 5 levels. Therefore, it will be faster to apply ERP and see faster benefits. According to Professor Yang's prediction, the informatization of China's tobacco industry will have a major breakthrough in the next 3 to 5 years

excerpt from Professor Yang's proverbs

● compared with other manufacturing industries, the informatization of tobacco enterprises needs compound talents with software, management, economy and production knowledge. Therefore, tobacco enterprises should make efforts and spend money to cultivate their own talents

● the output of refined copper, electrolytic aluminum, lead and zinc in China is 7.96 million tons, 31.41 million tons, 3.86 million tons and 6.15 million tons respectively. The understanding of "promoting industrialization with informatization" is that informatization can combine the high automation of production with the modernization of management

● informatization is a progressive undertaking with continuity and inheritance, which should be paid special attention and attention by industry insiders to avoid "always pushing everything over and starting from scratch" in 2025

● in my opinion, if a system has played 60% of the application effect, it is a success of informatization. After all, informatization is a gradual undertaking, and it cannot be done once and for all

● tobacco enterprises should often ask themselves: "can I live?"

● in the informatization construction, Chinese tobacco enterprises should not overemphasize their own particularity, or use some particularity as an excuse to delay the informatization process

● from EDP to MRP, mrp- Ⅱ and ERP, it is the crystallization of many world-wide management theories, successful international enterprise practices and the joint cooperation of famous IT manufacturers, which has been verified by scientific practice. Chinese enterprises have no reason to reject advanced ideas and production tools

● at present, the main work of tobacco informatization is "four interfaces". The first is the interface between logistics system and ERP. The second is the interface between data acquisition and ERP on the production machine of cigarette industry. The third is the interface between financial management and business system. Fourth, the interface between marketing system and production system

resume of Professor yangshenqing

director of the Institute of information system and artificial intelligence of Kunming University of technology

doctor of information engineering of Karlsruhe University, Germany

visiting researcher of Karlsruhe University, Federal Republic of Germany

1988 engaged in enterprise information system development and research in Daimler Benz automobile company

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